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Accidents hurt, Safety doesn’t - 23/03/2017
With Cotton Harvest, now truly under way most Cotton Farms Transporting agricultural machinery from one field to the next by way of public roads is a necessity form and very common in this area
There is an increase in traffic on Moonrocks Farm especially tractors trucks and Cotton Pickers
There has also been an increase in traffic on the public roads especially the back road
We STRONGLY encourage all staff NOT to use the back road but to use the main road as this road is marked with lines.
Please follow the link below as per the directions on our website
Some Common causes of accidents but not ALL causes
Difference in Speed
Most farm machinery is transported at speeds of 30 km/ph or slower while other vehicles often are traveling at much faster speeds. This difference causes motorists to miscalculate how fast they are approaching farm machinery. Motorists sometimes do not even see farm equipment because they are traveling too fast.
Motorists unfamiliar with slow moving agricultural machinery can make this a dangerous situation.
The potential for an accident is high.
Motorists may not slow down when approaching a slow-moving farm machine. Because of this accidents frequently occur between farm equipment and motorists traveling in the same direction.
Corners, hills, and other blind spots reduce a motorist’s ability to see farm equipment either traveling on the roadway or pulling onto a roadway. Dirty windshields on equipment also reduces operator visibility.
Improper Transport Techniques
Failure to securely tie down equipment on truck beds or transport trailers can cause equipment to slide off when going around a curve or when turning, especially when traveling at high speeds.
Towing Equipment Too Fast
The equipment may start to sway, causing the operator to lose control. Towing implements only with a chain can be extremely hazardous, especially if there is no means to provide tension other than applying brakes.
Size of the Machinery
Today’s large equipment sometimes overlaps into other lanes, creating a hazardous situation.
Some Prevention Tips of Road Collisions
- See and be seen - Clean off windshields and lights. Turn lights on at dusk or in times of poor visibility such as fog, rain, blowing dust, or cloudy conditions.
- Before entering the roadway, stop and look both directions.
- Make sure you have enough time to cross the road or enter the road if traffic is coming or is close
- Be aware of the road conditions. Know where the hazards exist before you start, such hazards include potholes, ditches, washouts, narrow bridges, blind corners, and sharp curves. Look out for road signs. Trying to avoid these may cause you to drive in the other lane. Be aware of traffic in both directions.
- Maintain speeds that are appropriate for the road conditions,
There is a strict speed limit of 30km for all vehicles on farm!
Snake Safety 22/02/2017
Snakes will avoid people if they can.But if they feel threatened and cant find a way of escape they will defend themselves by biting. Most people bitten by snakes are bitten when trying to catch it or kill it
If you see a Snake...
- Stay calm and walk away from it
- Do NOT try to catch it
- Do NOT try to kill it Do NOT make it feel threatened e.g throwing things at it / poking it with a stick
- If you see a snake in a building leave the room
First aid tips for Snake bites
- Call for help immediately
- Do NOT Try to Suck out the poison
- Do NOT cut the wound
- Do NOT wash the bite. (the hospital has the best chance of identifying the snake by any venom sill around the wound)
- Apply a pressure bandage tightly across the bite and up the limb to immobilise it.
- if the bite is not on a limb, apply direct and firm pressure to the bite site with your hands (it is also important the patient is kept still).
- Stay as calm and as still as possible while you are waiting to help to come.
Snakes are deaf, they have no external ears.
Snakes can visualise their surroundings using their tongue to pick up chemicals in the air.
Snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica.
Snakes have no eyelids.
Before shedding, a snake’s eyes will become cloudy/opaque
Endemic to Western Australia’s Pilbara region, the Anthill python (Antaresia perthensis) is the smallest python species in the world.
The yellow bellied sea snake (Pelamis platurus) is the most widely distributed snake in the world, found in tropical oceanic waters across the globe excluding the Atlantic.
Mother pythons will coil themselves around their eggs using their bodies to regulate the eggs temperature during incubation
There are no snakes native to New Zealand.
Most snakes are immune to their own venom.
Anti-venom is produced by injecting small amounts of venom into a horse and then extracting the antibodies.
The king cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world, and eats other snakes, including other king cobras.
The amethystine python (aka the scrub python) is by far the longest snake in Australia, it grows up to 6m.
Be alert! Speed can hurt 28/01/2017
The simple truth about speeding is: the faster you go, the longer it takes to stop and, if you crash, the harder the impact. Even small increases in speed could have severe consequences. If a pedestrian steps out into the path of an oncoming vehicle which is speeding the difference could be a matter of life or death.
In an emergency, the average driver takes about 1.5 seconds to react. Stopping distances increase exponentially the faster you go.
Here at Moonrocks there is A Strict speed limit of 30km/hr applies to all vehicles on farm.
Speeding is one of the major causes of fatalities on Queensland roads. Speeding is defined as driving over the posted speed limit or at a speed that is inappropriate given the driving conditions (e.g. rain, fog, traffic volume, traffic flow).
Most people think that speeding is just driving over the speed limit. Speeding is also driving at a speed that is inappropriate for the driving conditions, such as rain, fog, traffic or traffic flow.
During 2015 there were 62 fatalities as a result of crashes involving speeding drivers or riders.
Speed limits are set and enforced to save lives and reduce crashes. Fines and demerit points apply when a vehicle is caught driving above the posted speed limit.
It is not safe to speed in any circumstance.
Driving within the speed limit maximises your stopping distance giving you more time to react to:
- the actions of other road users around you like vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists
- changes to the road environment itself such as pot holes and obstacles.
Speed-related social costs
Speed crashes result in high social costs to the community in the forms of:
- hospital and health care costs
- lost productivity in the workplace
- the cost of using emergency services.
Speeding has significant costs to the community each year. Speed-related fatalities and hospitalised casualties in Queensland have an estimated cost of $283 million each year†‡.
Driving safety tips to avoid accidents
When you’re behind the wheel of a car – whether alone or with passengers – driving safely should always be your top concern. We’re more distracted than ever, so it’s crucial to know the basics of safe driving and practice them every time you’re on the road. Here are some safe driving tips:
1. Focus on driving
Keep 100% of your attention on driving at all times – no multi-tasking.
- Don’t use your phone or any other electronic device while driving.
- Slow down. Speeding gives you less time to react and increases the severity of an accident.
2. Drive “defensively”
Be aware of what other drivers around you are doing, and expect the unexpected.
Assume other motorists will do something crazy, and always be prepared to avoid it.
Keep a 2-second cushion between you and the car in front of you.
Make that 4 seconds if the weather is bad.
3. Plan ahead
- Adjust your seat, mirrors and climate controls before putting the car in gear.
- Pull over to eat or drink. It takes only a few minutes.
4. Practice safety
- Secure cargo that may move around while the vehicle is in motion.
- Don’t attempt to retrieve items that fall to the floor.
- Have items needed within easy reach – such as toll fees, toll cards and garage passes.
- Always wear your seat belt and drive sober and drug-free.
Working around forklifts 21/01/2017
Pedestrian safety - Working around forklifts
Each year hundreds of people are seriously injured or even killed while working or standing in the vicinity of forklifts. Even while travelling at very slow speeds, forklifts can potentially crush and severely injure pedestrians, tip over or lose its load.
Forklift safety is very important and Workers can protect themselves when they are working near forklifts by using their senses and common sense.
Where’s the Forklift?
- You must learn to listen and look for warning signs that indicate a forklift is nearby so you can take steps to avoid the forklift.
- You should: sound the horn when approaching intersections, corners, blind spots, other forklifts, and areas with pedestrians.
- Listen for the sound of backup alarms. All our forklifts have a backup alarm that sounds whenever the forklift is moving in reverse.
- Listen for the sounds of the forklift engine. The engines of combustion forklifts will be louder when the forklift is traveling or when the forklift is raising a load. However, because electric forklifts are usually very quiet, listening for engine noise from them will not help.
- Look for flashing lights. All our Forklifts have flashing, rotating lights that operate continuously.
Walking Safely near Forklifts
To maintain an awareness of where forklifts are, workers should:
- Avoid distractions when walking out where there is forklift traffic, including reading paperwork or talking with other pedestrians.
- Stop and look both ways before entering a forklift lane, crossing an aisle, walking up to a blind corner, or walking across an intersection where forklifts travel.
- Walk single file along the side of an aisle that has forklift traffic, or keep to designated walking aisles.
Approaching a Forklift Driver
If a staff member needs to approach a forklift driver to discuss something, he or she should:
- Stay back from the forklift until the driver sees him or her.
- Wait for the driver to stop the forklift.
- Approach the forklift after the driver motions him or her over.
When approaching the forklift, workers should be careful to:
Keep their feet away from the forklift.
Walk away before the driver moves the forklift, rather than standing next to the forklift and waiting for the driver to pull away.
Forklift drivers have a duty of care and under the law are lawfully responsible for any accidents caused. However this does not mean pedestrians have right of way. Pedestrians must follow our forklift safety rules!
Surving another Heat Wave 14/01/2017
Another heat wave is upon us
Just when we thought this second heat wave was almost over with temperature's dropping to 38 on Sunday and 35 on Monday.
Mother nature has decided we haven't had enough hot summer weather yet and next week will see temperatures sore to the mid 40's again.
We cannot STRESS enough the importance of how important it is to be prepared for hot weather.
Extreme heat can make existing medical conditions worse and cause a heat – related illness, which may be fatal. The most important things to remember are:
- Keep cool
- Drink plenty of water, Always make sure you have a minimum of 2L of water on you at all times and make sure you have spare water filled and in the fridge.
- Stay out of the sun ( if you must go into the sun make sure you have sunscreen on with a minimum SPF of 30 and you have a hat on)
- Look after yourself and others
Who is most at risk?
People most at risk during extreme heat events are:
- People aged over 65 years, especially those living alone
- People who have a medical condition such as diabetes, kidney disease or mental illness
- People taking medications that may affect the way the body reacts to heat
- People with problematic alcohol or other drug use
- People with a disability who may not be able to identify or communicate their discomfort or thirst
- People who are overweight or obese
- People who work or are physically active outdoors
Preparing for hot weather
- Check that your fan or air-conditioner works well
- Stock up on food, water and medication to avoid having to go out in the heat
Preparing for power failure
It is very common to lose power during extreme heat events.
You can be prepared by:
- Thinking about how you would cope without power
- Ensure you have a torch, a fully charged mobile phone or a telephone that will work without electricity, a battery operated radio and sufficient batteries
- Ensure you have frozen blocks / water bottles
Coping with the heat
- Look after yourself and keep in touch with sick or frail family, friends and neighbours
- Drink plenty of water, even if you don’t feel thirsty
- Keep yourself cool by using wet towels, putting your feet in cool water and taking cool (not cold) showers
- Stay out of the sun during the hottest part of the day
- If you must go out, wear light coloured, loose fitting clothing and a hat
- Eat smaller meals more often and cold meals such as salads. Make sure you store refrigerated food properly and discard if it has been out of adequate temperature control for more than 4 hours.
- Watch or listen to news reports that provide more information during a heatwave
It is likely that extreme heat events will occur in conjunction with severe, extreme and Code Red Fire Danger days. Always remain up to date with Fire Warnings for your local area and act in accordance with your Fire Ready Plan.
Heat related illness
Extreme heat may cause illness such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. It may also worsen pre-existing conditions such as heart disease or diabetes.
- Muscle pains
- Spasms in the abdomen, arms or legs
- Pale complexion and sweating
- Rapid heart rate
- Muscle cramps and weakness
- Dizziness and headaches
- Nausea and vomiting
Heat Stroke (A Life Threatening Emergency – Call 000)
- Similar symptoms to heat exhaustion
- Dry skin with no sweating
- Mental condition worsens and causes confusion
- Stroke-like symptoms or collapsing
Medical Contact Information
For 24 hour health advice contact NURSE ON CALL 1300 60 60 24
For life threatening emergencies 000
Heat Stress 05/01/2017
St George is set to have another Heat Wave next Week with the following Days set to Sore
Sunday 35 degrees
Monday 36 degrees
Tuesday 39 degrees
Wednesday 41 degrees
- When it is very hot, you may be at increased risk of heat stress.
Symptoms of heat-related illness
It is important to know the signs and symptoms of heat exposure and how you should respond. Symptoms vary according to the type of heat-related illness.
Some heat-related illness and common symptoms include:
- Deterioration in existing medical conditions – this is the most common health problem of heat stress.
- Heat rash – sometimes called ‘prickly heat’, this is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age, but is most common in young children. It looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters. It is most likely to occur on the neck and upper chest, in the groin, under the breasts and in the elbow creases.
- Heat cramps – these include muscle pains or spasms, usually in the abdomen, arms or legs. They may occur after strenuous activity in a hot environment, when the body gets depleted of salt and water. They may also be a symptom of heat exhaustion.
- Dizziness and fainting – heat-related dizziness and fainting results from reduced blood flow to the brain. Heat causes an increase in blood flow to the skin and pooling of blood in the legs, which can lead to a sudden drop in blood pressure. There can be a feeling of light-headedness before fainting occurs.
- Heat exhaustion – this is a serious condition that can develop into heatstroke. It occurs when excessive sweating in a hot environment reduces the blood volume. Warning signs may include paleness and sweating, rapid heart rate, muscle cramps (usually in the abdomen, arms or legs), headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness or fainting.
Heatstroke – this is a medical emergency and requires urgent attention. Heatstroke occurs when the core body temperature rises above 40.5 °C and the body’s internal systems start to shut down. Many organs in the body suffer damage and the body temperature must be reduced quickly. Most people will have profound central nervous system changes such as delirium, coma and seizures. The person may stagger, appear confused, have a fit or collapse and become unconscious. As well as effects on the nervous system, there can be liver, kidney, muscle and heart damage
Stormy Weather 30/12/2016
Severe weather is a natural part of living in Queensland. St George has been known to experiences severe weather and it's important to take the time to prepare yourself. The following tips offer advice on what you should have in your emergency kit and how to stay safe before, during and after a severe weather event.
Before the storm season begins, prepare an emergency kit
Storm emergency kit
Prepare an emergency kit with these suggested items:
· a portable battery operated radio and torch with fresh or spare batteries and bulb
· candles with waterproof matches or a gas lantern
· reasonable stocks of fresh water and tinned or dried food
· a first aid kit and basic first aid knowledge
· good supplies of essential medication
· strong shoes and rubber gloves
· a waterproof bag for clothing and valuables – put valuables and certificates in the bag and put the bag in a safe place
· a list of your emergency contact numbers
As the storm approaches
When a severe storm approaches, make sure you have your mobile phone close by, and it has a fully charged battery. Listen to a local radio station for information and disconnect all electrical appliances.
When the storm strikes
When a severe storm strikes, stay inside, keep away from windows and remain in the strongest part of the house which is usually the bathroom or cellar. If you are outdoors, find emergency shelter and do not stand under trees.
· listen to your portable radio for storm updates
· if driving, stop clear of trees, powerlines and creeks
· avoid using the telephone during the storm
After the storm passes
after the storm has passed, listen to your local radio for official warnings and advice. If you need emergency assistance, phone
· 000 (triple zero) - for life threatening emergencies
· the State Emergency Service (SES) on 132 500
It's important after a storm to:
· check your house for damage
· stay away from fallen powerlines.
· beware of damaged buildings, trees and flooded watercourses
· be available to help neighbors if required
Understanding flood warnings
BOM issues a number of different types of warnings before and during weather events which could result in flooding. Triggers to listen and watch out for include:
· flood warnings, severe weather and thunderstorm warnings, especially those mentioning the possibility of flash flooding
· prolonged heavy rain
· rising creeks and rivers, and localized pooling of water.
Where to access warnings
Warnings are sent from BOM to media, Council, Department of Emergency Services and other agencies involved in managing severe weather and flood response activities. The list below identifies ways for you to access warning information.
· internet - Bureau of Meteorology website
· radio - tune into your local radio station
· television - watch out for televised weather updates
· BOMs weather service - online or by phone 1300 659 219 (local call charges apply)
Interpreting flood warnings
Minor flooding - Causes inconvenience. Low-lying areas next to watercourses are inundated which may require the removal of stock and equipment. Minor roads may be closed and low-level bridges submerged.
Moderate flooding - In addition to the above, the evacuation of some houses may be required. Main traffic routes may be cut by flood waters.
Major flooding - In addition to the above, extensive areas are inundated. Properties and suburbs are likely to be isolated and major traffic routes likely to be closed. Evacuation of people from flood-affected areas may be required.
Flood waters can be dangerous. Be aware of the following:
Drowning - do no play in or near stormwater drains. During a flood, water moves quickly through drains that may be dry for most of the year.
Currents - Don't walk or swim in flood waters. As little as 15 centimeters of moving water can knock you off your feet.
Electrocution - Stay clear of fallen powerlines and electrical wires. Electricity passes easily through water.
Contamination - Wash your hands and feet with soap if you do come into contact with flood water. Sewage or chemicals can be found in flood water.
Slipping - Tread carefully. Slippery surfaces can cause falls and injuries.
Wildlife - Be aware that there may be displaced and stressed wildlife inside your home and yard. Wildlife lose their homes in flood too.
Driving and road safety
Roads often become flooded before water affects homes. It is important that you stay informed of local road conditions to prevent you and your family from becoming isolated.
Many drivers rescued from flood waters report that they were in a hurry to get home to safety as a reason for tempting the danger of driving into water. Regardless of the type of car and despite what car commercials show, driving into flood waters is dangerous considering:
· most flood-related deaths occur at night and involve cars driving on flooded roads
· creeks and rivers can rise very quickly and the road surface can also wash away making the water much deeper than it appears
· once cars are swept downstream they will often roll to one side or perhaps flip over entirely. The driver and occupants have little time to escape the vehicle
It is natural to want to stay and protect your home and valuables.
However, as flood waters rise, dangers increase and evacuation may be required.
Council works with may government and community groups to manage flood events as smoothly as possible. If you are asked to evacuate, do so immediately. You may consider finding safer temporary accommodation such as a friend or relative's house. If you are evacuating voluntarily, remember to tell a relative or neighbour or Friend where you are going.
Emergency shelters can change depending on where the water is.
Before you evacuate, remind your family or other household members of your central contact point in case you get separated. Make sure each household member has important phone numbers with them.
Arrive Alive - 22/12/2016
The Christmas holidays are upon us, if you decide to go away and drive, please Remember a few key points
- The first step is to make sure your vehicle is operating properly. The lights, oil, tires (condition and pressure level), belts and hoses, brake fluid, coolant and the condition of the battery should all be checked by a professional before leaving.
- Plan your route in advance and check traffic reports and weather conditions before you leave. As a backup, bring along a paper map. Even with a GPS system it's wise to bring along another option should something occur where using a GPS is not possible.
- Follow speed limits and remember excess traffic and congestion on the roads may mean you'll have to travel below posted limits. Drive defensively and don't respond to aggressive drivers: It's far less frustrating to let an aggressive driver pass than to become aggressive yourself.
- Remember roads will be very busy with a lot more inexperienced drivers on the road
- It sounds simple, but a good night's sleep before departing can help make the trip more enjoyable. Be sure to take regular breaks during long road trips as it can be very dangerous to drive when you're overly tired. Pull over and stop in a safe area if you are tired, or around every 100 miles or 2 hours.
- Be prepared for emergencies - keep a blanket, boots, an extra pair of gloves and a flashlight in the boot of your car and a big bottle of water. ,
- Make sure you have enough fuel to get you to your next fuel stop as some stops can be at least 200km in between.
- Let someone know where you are going and what time you expect to be there.
- Finally, relax. Driving during the holiday season can be stressful. Frustration can lead to poor decisions and risky behavior behind the wheel. However, with the right attitude and some pre-planning it can also be more enjoyable. Remember to relax and focus on what's truly important: reaching your destination safely
Remember Double demerit points APPLY during the festive holidays on Australian roads!!!!
Australian Christmas traditions
Christmas Day is when families and close friends gather together from all over Australia. The highlight of the day is the holiday midday dinner. Some families enjoy a traditional British Christmas dinner of roast turkey or ham and rich plum pudding doused in brandy and set aflame before it is brought to the table. The person who gets the favor baked inside will enjoy good luck all year round.
Other families head for the backyard barbie to grill their Christmas dinner in the sunshine. Many families even go to the beach or to the countryside and enjoy a picnic of cold turkey or ham and a salad. Father Christmas has been known to show up in shorts to greet children at the beach on Christmas!
If there was a Santa Claus delivering gifts on Christmas eve
- No known species of reindeer can fly. BUT there are 300,000 species of living organisms yet to be classified, and while most of these are insects and germs, this does not COMPLETELY rule out flying reindeer which only Santa has ever seen.
- There are 2 billion children (persons under 18) in the world. BUT since Santa doesn't (appear to) handle the Muslim, Hindu, Jewish and Buddhist children, that reduces the workload to 15% of the total - 378 million according to Population Reference Bureau. At an average (census)rate of 3.5 children per household, that's 91.8 million homes. One presumes there's at least one good child in each.
- Santa has 31 hours of Christmas to work with, thanks to the different time zones and the rotation of the earth, assuming he travels east to west(which seems logical). This works out to 822.6 visits per second. This is to say that for each Christian household with good children, Santa has 1/1000th of a second to park, hop out of the sleigh, jump down the chimney, fill the stockings, distribute the remaining presents under the tree, eat whatever snacks have been left, get back up the chimney, get back into the sleigh and move on to the next house. Assuming that each of these 91.8 million stops are evenly distributed around the earth (which, of course, we know to be false but for the purposes of our calculations we will accept), we are now talking about .78 miles per household, a total trip of 75-1/2 million miles, not counting stops to do what most of us must do at least once every 31 hours, plus feeding etc.
- This means that Santa's sleigh is moving at 650 miles per second, 3,000 times the speed of sound. For purposes of comparison, the fastest man- made vehicle on earth, the Ulysses space probe, moves at a poky 27.4 miles per second - a conventional reindeer can run, tops, 15 miles per hour
- The payload on the sleigh adds another interesting element. Assuming that each child gets nothing more than a medium-sized lego set (2 pounds), the sleigh is carrying 321,300 tons, not counting Santa, who is invariably described as overweight. On land, conventional reindeer can pull no more than 300 pounds. Even granting that "flying reindeer" (see point #1) could pull TEN TIMES the normal anoint, we cannot do the job with eight, or even nine. We need 214,200 reindeer. This increases the payload - not even counting the weight of the sleigh - to 353,430 tons. Again, for comparison - this is four times the weight of the Queen Elizabeth.
- 353,000 tons traveling at 650 miles per second creates enormous air resistance - this will heat the reindeer up in the same fashion as space crafts re-entering the earth's atmosphere. The lead pair of reindeer will absorb 14.3 QUINTILLION joules of energy. Per second. Each. In short, they will burst into flame almost instantaneously, exposing the reindeer behind them, and create deafening sonic booms in their wake. The entire reindeer team will be vaporized within 4.26 thousandths of a second. Santa, meanwhile, will be subjected to centrifugal forces 17,500.06 times greater than gravity. A 250-pound Santa (which seems ludicrously slim)would be pinned to the back of his sleigh by 4,315,015 pounds of force.
In conclusion — If Santa ever DID deliver presents on Christmas Eve, he's dead now.
Heat wave alert - 01/12/2016
Heat wave alert.
Please note over the next few days, there will be a heat wave in St George QLD with temperatures reaching 43 degrees.
Friday Highs of 40 degrees
Saturday Highs of 42 degrees
Sunday Highs of 42 degrees
Monday Highs of 38 degrees
Tuesday Highs of 41 degrees
How to survive the heat wave…
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol.
- Eat small meals and eat more often.
- Avoid extreme temperature changes.
- Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-coloured clothing. Avoid dark colours because they absorb the sun’s rays
- Sun Hats Broad brimmed hat, SPF 30+ sunscreen (as per manufactures instructions) when working outside. To help provide protection against the Sun
How the body controls heat gain and heat loss
The human body gains and loses heat in two ways:
- body heat – the internal heat generated by metabolic processes
- exchange with the environment – the body exchanges heat with its surroundings mainly through:
- radiation - the process by which the body gains heat from surrounding hot objects (e.g. hot metal, furnaces or steam pipes), and loses heat to cold objects (e.g. chilled metallic surfaces) without contact with them
- convection – the process by which the body exchanges heat with the surrounding air. The body gains heat from hot air and loses heat to cold air which comes in contact with the skin
- evaporation of sweat – the cooling effect is more noticeable with high wind speeds and low relative humidity. In hot and humid workplaces, the body cooling due to sweat evaporation is limited because the air cannot absorb more moisture. In hot and dry workplaces, the cooling due to sweat evaporation is limited by the amount of sweat produced by the body.
- The body also exchanges small amounts of heat by conduction and breathing, which can usually be discounted when assessing the heat load on the body
Not everyone reacts to heat in the same way
The way heat affects people varies from person to person and is influenced by:
- general health
- body weight (being overweight or obese can make it more difficult to cope with heat)
- age (particularly for people about 45 years and older)
- poor general health
- a low level of fitness will make people more susceptible to feeling the extremes of heat
- certain prescription and illicit drug use
- medical conditions (can also increase how susceptible a person is). People with conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, pregnancy, respiratory disease and diabetes may need to take special precautions. In addition, people with some types of skin diseases and rashes may be more susceptible to heat.
- Other factors include circulatory system capacity, sweat production and the ability to regulate electrolyte balance
People have an average core body temperature of around 37˚C. In hot environments, or where internal temperature is raised through exercise for example, body responses include:
· vasodilation (widening of blood vessels)
· increased respiratory rate
· increased heart rate.
Responses due to heat-strain
· electrolyte changes
· elevated core temperature.
Excessive heat-strain can occur when the work environment, task or individual health prevent these cooling mechanisms from working properly, and can lead to heat-related illnesses including:
- Heat rash – sometimes called ‘prickly heat’. It is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating and
- can occur at any age
- is most commonly associated with humid /dusty tasks in which the skin pores become blocked
- looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters
- is most likely to occur on the neck and upper chest, and in skin folds and creases
- Heat cramps – these include muscle pains or spasms, usually in the abdomen, arms or legs. They may occur after strenuous activity in a hot environment, when the body gets depleted of salt and water. They may also be a symptom of heat exhaustion.
- Dizziness and fainting – heat related dizziness and fainting results from reduced blood flow to the brain. Heat causes an increase in blood flow to the skin and pooling of blood in the legs, which can lead to a sudden drop in blood pressure.
- Heat exhaustion – is a serious condition that can develop into heatstroke. It occurs when excessive sweating in a hot environment reduces the blood volume. Warning signs may include paleness and sweating, rapid heart rate, muscle cramps (usually in the abdomen, arms or legs), headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness or fainting.
is a medical emergency and requires urgent attention.
Heatstroke occurs when the core body temperature rises above 40.5 °C and the body’s internal systems start to shut down.
Many organs in the body can suffer damage and to rectify it, the person’s body temperature must be reduced quickly.
Most people will have profound central nervous system changes such as delirium, coma and seizures. The person may stagger, appear confused, have a fit or collapse and become unconscious.
As well as effects on the nervous system, there can be liver, kidney, muscle and heart damage.
The symptoms of heatstroke may be the same as for heat exhaustion, but the skin may be dry with no sweating and the person’s mental condition worsens.
If you do not feel well please report to your supervisor or first aider immediately.
Look Sharp - 26/11/2016
What is the problem?
Cuts and lacerations to hands, fingers and legs are common injuries for workers who frequently use sharp tools with exposed blades, such as, kitchen knives and snips and heavy duty garlic sheers .
What are the risks?
Injuries to hands and fingers occur when they are in the way of the blade (either on top of or underneath the product or packaging), when the blade slips, or if an open blade is handled unexpectedly. Cuts to legs can occur when the blade slips over the edge of the packaging and strikes the worker.
What is a solution to the problem?
- When handing a tool to another person, direct sharp points and cutting edges away from yourself and the other person.
- Do not carry sharp or pointed hand tools such as probes or knives in your pocket unless the tool or your pocket is sheathed.
- Do not perform "make-shift" repairs to tools.
- Do not throw tools from one location to another or from one employee to another
- Use your free hand to firmly hold the garlic or onion making sure fingers are out of the way of any slips that might occur.
- Always use sharp knives. Dull blades cause more accidents because they are harder to work with and require more pressure. Sharp knives do not slip as easily and cut easier.
- When using sharp objects, stay focused. Distraction can be dangerous!
Did you know....
Work-related hand and wrist injuries occurred to people of all ages, but about three quarters of the injuries occurred to persons aged between 15 and 44 years.
hand and wrist injuries are the most common work-related injury type and are an important problem in the Australian workforce. They are a very common cause of work-related injury presentation to emergency departments in Australia and also result in about 8400 admissions to hospital per year. The injuries range from being relatively minor to very severe, most commonly involving the fingers, with open wounds the most common injury type and amputation the most severe injury type.
Fatal Forks - 19/11/2016
Employers and trained forklift truck operators should be aware of what not to do with and around forklifts. It is the responsibility of everyone in the workplace to ensure that these practices do not occur.
Safe Forklift Operation
Ensure loads are loaded central to forks to avoid serious accidents and potentially fatal accidents IE: Forks must be as wide as possible to the feet / barrier of the bin
Wear a seatbelt where one is provided
Ensure that loads are within the rated load capacity of the forklift truck. Carry loads as close to the ground as possible.
rest. The mast should be tilted sufficiently backward to safeguard the load.
Maintain a clear view ahead and behind (via a correctly adjusted rear view mirror) and give clear indication of your intentions. Maintain a safe distance from other vehicles.
Observe speed limits and ensure you can make a safe stop at any time. Avoid rapid acceleration, deceleration and quick turns.
Drive carefully on wet or slippery surfaces or when pedestrians are near.
Reduce speed when making a turn. Take care that the tip of the fork (or load) or the rear side of the forklift truck does not touch a nearby person or object.
Drive in reverse if vision is obscured by a bulky load.
When travelling on an incline with no load, place the forks on the downhill side of the forklift truck.
Before driving a forklift truck onto a truck, trailer or rail wagon, check that the brakes of the receiving vehicle are set and the wheels are chocked.
Never park or leave the forklift in any doorway, entrance, emergency exit or in front of fire extinguishing equipment.
Beep twice when coming around blind corners
Beware of pedestrians and other vehicles / trucks / tractors
A person should not push on the point of one or both forks. Nor should a person stand or walk under the elevated forks, even when a load is not being carried.
The backrest extension and overhead guard of the forklift truck should not be removed, unless specifically authorised.
A forklift truck should not be left stationary, with the engine running, in confined spaces.
A forklift truck must not be parked or stacked on an incline, or operated on gradients with the load elevated more than necessary.
An operator's arms, hands, legs and head must not leave the confines of the cab or be placed between the uprights of the mast.
Menacing Mobiles - 10/11/2016
The Dangers of Mobile Phones!!!
· Mobile phones are a dangerous distraction not just for driving a vehicle or forklift or tractor but for all our employees in the sheds and paddock working around machinery.
· Being distracted increases your chances of having a serious accident. It slows down your reaction times and puts you in danger of failing to see hazards such as dangerous machinery, emergency stops or all other potential hazards , including traffic and pedestrians around the sheds, inside the sheds, paddock and around the tongs.
· Anything that takes your mind or eyes off the job, or your hands off the wheel, not only compromises your safety, but that of everyone else
MACHINE OPERATOR’S SPLIT-SECOND DECISION RESULTS IN TRAUMATIC INJURY
Machine operator Iris McMurray explains how her desire for instant access to information led to an instant injury as well.
“During lunch, my boyfriend and I were texting each other about our last-minute weekend trip to the beach. He was trying to find a nice hotel that still had a vacancy,” says Iris.
“We’re not supposed to take our phones into the production area, but everybody does it, so I figured it would be okay. Plus, I was eager to find out if he found a place to stay,” she adds.
Iris said she worked for a while and then noticed she had a text from her boyfriend concerning their hotel room.
It happened so fast! As I tried to reply, I somehow dropped the phone right into my machine,” she says. “My first reaction was to grab it before it got eaten by the machine, or worse yet, jam up the production line.” When Iris dropped her phone, she tried to grab it off the machine’s conveyor, but her hand was crushed when it was caught between the conveyor belt and the roller.
I’ll have to live with that split-second decision for the rest of my life. If I had just followed company policy, and just waited until my afternoon break. If I had just thought about how dangerous texting around that machine was. Now, every time I look at my hand, I wonder, what if?” Iris concludes.
Iris could have waited to correspond with her boyfriend; it would not have made any difference other than her eagerness to know the weekend plans. We’ve all heard the expression, “Curiosity killed the cat.” In this case, a desire for instant information injured Iris.
DISTRACTED FORKLIFT OPERATOR SERIOUSLY INJURES CO-WORKER
Forklift operator Ramon Jamison discusses what happened the day he was distracted by texting and struck a co-worker.
“I usually keep my phone in my locker every morning, but my wife was having an ultrasound that morning and I wanted to know if we were having a little boy or a little girl, so I kept my phone with me,” says Ramon.
“I was moving stacks of pallets in the storage yard when I heard the message alert go off,” he adds.
Ramon says he was so excited to find out that he didn’t even think about not checking his text. He looked down and had to focus on his phone for a moment to select and read the text.
“That’s when Ronnie suddenly walked in front of the forklift and I didn’t see him until I heard him shout,” he continues. “The thought of anyone walking in front of my forklift was the furthest thing from my mind.”
What should have been one of the best days of his life ended up being one of the worst. Not only did Ramon lose his job for violating his company’s rules on cell phone use, his actions caused the death of a friend and a co-worker
Personal Mobile phones are strictly forbidden unless it is a requirement of your job. If it is a requirement of your job we have provided work phones.
Slithering Snakes - 05/11/2016
With the warmer weather, these dangerous reptiles are on the move.
Please be aware of where you are walking and what you are doing. Snakes are well camouflaged and hard to see.
Snakes are ectothermic. This means they maintain their body heat by absorbing heat from external sources. A snake's body temperature and activity levels are controlled by the surrounding air and ground temperature.
Snakes become inactive during winter when their metabolism slows down and they lie dormant, using almost no energy. In spring, they emerge and bask in the sun to warm up. They also gain body heat by lying on warm surfaces (eg asphalt, concrete and rocks which absorb heat) or under warm surfaces (eg building materials, such as corrugated roofing iron).
Snakes are often inactive when it is very hot and will seek refuge to avoid overheating.
Spring is the time when snakes become more active and less wary as they go about feeding (to build up body reserves after winter) and breeding
If you come across a snake
Never attempt to catch or kill a snake. They will defend themselves if confronted or threatened. Most snake bites occur when people try to catch or kill a snake.
Stick to well-used, open trails. In scrubby areas, use a walking stick to alert a snake of your approach.
Avoid walking through thickly vegetated areas / Bush,
Step onto, rather than over fallen logs as there may be a snake on the other side
Avoid putting your hands into places where snakes may shelter, such as:
· holes in logs and trees
· holes made by other animals
· cracks in the ground
· holes in tree roots
· under rocks.
If the snake is in a confined area, Inform management immediately
If you are bitten:
- stay calm & seek assistance.
- try to remain still.
- note the snake's colour and markings.
- do not wash the wound as traces of venom may help identify the snake.
- put pressure on the wound with firmly applied bandage/cloth.
- call 000 for Ambulance or get to the nearest hospital
Warmer Weather 03/11/2016
Now that it is finally starting to heat up after an unusually cold start to the season, please remember to Stay Hydrated and be Sun smart!
To stay hydrated you should:
- Start work in a well-hydrated state
- Drink to keep pace with sweat losses (drink regularly and between 600 ml and one litre of water per hour in summer)
- Avoid soft/caffeinated drinks
- Drink plenty of water (i.e. stay hydrated – a poor diet and consuming alcohol or caffeine can cause dehydration)
Slip on clothing
Clothing features that provide constant protection from UVR (sunscreen will wear off) include:
Close weave fabrics provide the best form of sun protection, as they block out most of the UV radiation
Long sleeves, collar and long loose trousers will increase the sun protection of clothing.
Slap on a hat
Moonrocks hat with a broad brimmed hat to shade both the face and back of the neck and a close weave
Sunscreen is recommended as the last line of defence in addition to shade, clothing, hats and sunglasses.
When choosing, a sunscreen look for the following:
- sun protection factor (SPF) of 30+
- broad-spectrum (protects against UVA and UVB)
- check the use by date.